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Review Activities

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Number 1. In the study of religion, an analysis of human nature

Correct Answer: anthropology

Number 2. In Christianity and Judaism, the concept that humans reflect characteristics of God

Correct Answer: image of God

Number 3. The Christian belief that all persons have inherited a sinful nature

Correct Answer: original sin

Number 4. In Hinduism and Buddhism, the universal law of cause and effect

Correct Answer: karma

Number 5. In Hinduism and Buddhism, the endless cycle of birth, life, death, and rebirth

Correct Answer: Samsara

Number 6. The Buddhist doctrine that there is no impermanent self or soul

Correct Answer: an-atta

Number 7. In Buddhism, the concept of suffering

Correct Answer: Dukkha

Number 8. In the Buddha's teachings, selfish-desire

Correct Answer: tanha

Number 9. In Buddhism, the ego-less state of bliss

Correct Answer: nirvana

Number 10. The basic teachings of the Buddha

Correct Answer: Four Noble Truths

Number 11. Christian theologian who lived at the beginning of the 5th century; formulated the doctrine of original sin

Correct Answer: St. Augustine

Number 12. Chinese teacher who believed the traditions of the past could be harmony to the social order

Correct Answer: Confucius

Number 13. Prescribed rituals of behavior

Correct Answer: li

Number 14. Humaneness

Correct Answer: jen

Number 15. Mutual respect

Correct Answer: shu

Number 16. Respect and honor for one's parents

Correct Answer: filial piety

Number 17. Greek philosopher generally credited with founding Stoicism

Correct Answer: Zeno

Number 18. A leading Stoic philosopher who used the analogy of a drama to illustrate the teaching of Stoicism

Correct Answer: Epictetus

Number 19. In Stoicism, the divine reason that orders the universe

Correct Answer: logos

Number 20. Philosophy that focused the logos or Divine Reason as the ordering principle of the cosmos

Correct Answer: Stoicism

Number 21. In Christianity, the original act of disobedience and its results in corrupting human nature and the created order

Correct Answer: the Fall

Number 22. The concept of indifference which the Stoics attempted to cultivate

Correct Answer: apatheia

Number 23. The Buddha's prescription for how to live

Correct Answer: The Eightfold Path

Number 24. Work that contains the teachings of Confucius

Correct Answer: Analects