The basic teachings of philosophic Taoism can
be found in the Tao Te Ching, “The Classic of the Way and the
Power. " This work dates to 4th Century BCE or earlier ” and is
usually attributed to Lao-tzu although this is highly
doubtful. It consists of 81 very brief “chapters.”
- Belief in the Tao or “way."
The Tao is a single, universal principle/force that gives rise
to and governs all things and all change.
- The Tao is essentially the interplay
between yin and yang. Yin is the dark, receptive,
female aspect Yang is the bright, assertive, male aspect
- All contradictions are resolved in the
Tao: Nothing is totally yin or yang
- The basic teaching of philosophic
Taoism is that the purpose of human life is to live life
according to the Tao.
- Wu-wei: “do nothing.” Do
nothing contrary to the Tao.
The supreme good is like water, which nourishes all things
without trying to. It is content to take the low places that
people disdain. Thus it is like the Tao