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Religion and Society: A Reciprocal Relationship
It should be obvious that there is a reciprocal relationship between society and religion. Society influences and shapes religion even as religion shapes and influences society.  Even in movements such as the Second Great Awakening, one can identify forces within society that led to such an outbreak of revivalism. Some of  those forces include the rapid westward expansion and growth of the country, the need for the church to organize for the frontier conditions,  and the independent nature and isolation of the settlers of the frontier.

Society can be thought of as a living organism. What happens in one part will ultimately influence what happens in another. Religion can be a catalyst for social change just as social change can be a catalyst for change in religion. Both shape, influence and reflect the other.