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Purpose:  The purpose of this unit is to provide an overview of the complex subject of religion and society. 
Learning Objectives:  After completing this unit you should be able to:
  • Describe the reciprocal relationship between religion and society
  • Give examples of how society influences religion and how religion influences society.
  • Explain the idea of American civil religion.
  • Describe what is meant by the terms denomination, cult and sect.
  • List ways that religious societies experience reform or division.
  • List the ways that the Second Great Awakening influenced American society. 
  • Define the following terms
Second Great Awakening Civil Religion
Ernst Troeltsch denomination
Quakers  Church of England
sect cult
Robert Bellah heresy
Branch Davidians Shakers
Scientology ecclesiola in ecclesia
John Wesley Methodism
Waldensians St. Francis
monasticism Max Weber
Protestant Work Ethic Martin Luther
Bryan Wilson conversionist
revolutionist utopia
manipulationist Pietists