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Christianity

Assumption: The world and humankind are “fallen.”  Humanity was created with the ability to obey or disobey God’s will. We chose the path of disobedience and in so doing corrupted  or wounded our nature which was created in the image of God and was originally “good.”

The Human Problem is that human nature is wounded or corrupt.   Roman Catholic theology teaches that human nature is “wounded” so that we are susceptible to sin or disobedience.   Protestant theology followed the early theologian Saint Augustine who believed that human nature has lost the freedom of will In other words, individuals can only choose disobedience to God’s will.  Sin is a prideful selfishness that is like a disease.  It is so pervasive that it can be described as “original” sin:  prideful selfishness is an inevitable human defect from which no one is immune. As a result of this permanent estrangement - human beings were condemned to death and everlasting punishment after death.  Moreover,   Satan works to deceive Christians and lead them away from God.
   

The cure:  It takes an act of God to free humanity from sin and its consequences. Since according to Augustine, humans can only choose to sin, they cannot really choose to free themselves from sin.  Thus, it requires “God’s grace, freely bestowed” to “redeem and liberate the self from sin.”

The act of God that saves humanity is a two-fold event centered in Jesus, who Christians believe to be the son of God. First, one can be rescued from one's sinful nature by Jesus' sacrifice on the cross. The death of Jesus Christ, God the Son, on the cross and his following resurrection provides the means of salvation potentially available for all people. If they will simply accept the results of that act (the manner of "accepting" varies among the different forms of Christianity), they will be saved, reckoned as righteous, and will join God in eternal life.  Second, the rule of Satan will be overcome by Christ's return and his establishment of the Kingdom of God on earth.

The death and resurrection of Jesus is understood in at least three different ways: First, it is a triumph over Satan. Believers can join themselves to God and thus overcome Satan's power. Second, in his death Jesus brought a means for atoning for original sin. Third, Jesus' sacrifice is thought to have paid the penalty for everyone's sins

Type of Salvation: Salvation in Christianity generally falls into the category of individual salvation in the world to come.  The idea of a final judgment is also included in many Christian interpretations of salvation.  The thought is that Christ will return and all persons will be judged by whether they accepted or rejected the path of salvation that Christ offered.  On the other hand, in its understanding of the Kingdom of God, Christianity shares with Judaism the idea of a this worldly group salvation.