|According to the Buddha, there are eight disciplines that one
must cultivate in order to reach Nirvana:
Right understanding/belief : Accept the validity of the
four noble truths.
Make sure that your actions, however good they may seem, are
not motivated by fear, selfishness
Avoid gossip and harsh words. Be positive in your speech to
others - and to yourself.
These include five precepts that all Buddhists are expected
- Do not destroy life
- Do not steal
- Do not engage in immoral conduct
- Do not
- Do not use intoxicants)
- Right Livelihood: Your way of making living should not
violate 5 precepts.
Right Effort: One must work continually to overcome
selfish desire and damaging thought processes.
Right Mindfulness: This involves being aware of
one's thoughts and feelings at every moment. It also involves
realizing that thoughts and emotions are impermanent.
Right Meditation: One must practice quieting of the mind itself so that the
true nature of everything comes into focus. Quieting and controlling the
mind is perhaps the most difficult of the 8 disciplines.
|Notice that an individual does not necessarily have to begin
with the first component, master it and then move to the next
discipline; rather one is able to make progress simultaneously on
several disciplines. A spiritual guide or mentor may prescribe a
specific order, but that order will vary according to the needs of
You should also see that the Eightfold Path divides into three
- Virtue: (speech, action, livelihood)
- Concentration (effort, mindfulness, meditation)
- Discernment: (right view, understanding)
|Taken together, the eight disciplines are a practical means for
moving from ignorance to enlightenment.